Ecotourism – Responsible and Sustainable Tourism


Responsible tourism means all tourism directly dependent on the use of natural life e. g. wildlife and scenery. Nature based tourism include eco-tourism and mass tourism. Uncontrolled bulk tourism continues to contribute to the wreckage of natural & cultural significance (commercialization of Culture) thus top or causing loss of biological plus cultural biodiversity, and important options for income. Nature based tourism offers a way of financing unique ecosystems upkeep. This provides opportunity for the community living close to the protected areas to benefit financially e. g. employment opportunity. Yet Nature based tourism & take a trip while sustaining eco-system also degrades them. Much nature based tourism falls short of social responsibility to the local community.

Sustainable tourism is developed and managed in such a way that all tourism activities will focus on a traditions resource, natural and cultural which may be continued imminently and every effort is built to maintain the resource to perpetuity.
Based on hector Ceballos-Lascurian (1983) ecotourism indicates “the tourism that involves travelling to fairly undisturbed natural area with the item of admiring, studying and taking pleasure in the scenery and its wild plants and animals as well as cultural functions found there. ”

Eco-tourism embraces four basic elements: –
᾿ The natural environment as the primary appeal and the cultural environment playing a secondary role
᾿ The sustainable use of the ecological and cultural environment.
᾿ Focus on education and the interpretation of the resource
᾿ Provision of the advantage to the host community
Tourism is about people and places where one group of people leave, visit and go through places, the people who make the vacation possible and the people encountered in the tour, it involves travellers, host areas and governments.

In tourism industry the destination is perhaps one of the most essential elements. The destination region symbolizes the raison d’tre for travel and leisure and the tourist attraction at the location generates the visit. Tourism method consumed where it is produced (destination). Hence the destination comes under considerable pressure from high amounts of demand focused both in time and at specific sites for example the warm East Africa, Indian Ocean coastal seashores during the northern hemisphere winter.

Tourist pressures can lead to alteration of the tourism resource and as tourism resource and as tourist demand continues to raise so have many destinations around the world succumbed to environment degradation. The impact that some type of tourism development has on the environment provides raised concern among environmentalist along with other constituents. Therefore professional management plus planning of destination are essential if tourism is to contribute to their own conservation and to be perceived as an acceptable industry in a world whose success is threatened.

Tourism demand unspoilt environment in which to operate.
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It is essential that will tour operation should be developed and managed in such a way that as to secure the natural assets. We subscribe to the fact that the extent to which travel and leisure is developed, planned and managed in an orderly and coordinated manner will affect the long-term quality from the tourism product and subsequently the success of the hospitality Industry. While travel and leisure can be a catalyst for development, it is necessary for the government agencies plan and develop tourism carefully so that the advantage can be optimized without creating social and environmental problems

Low impact forms of tourism counteracts the effects of mass travel and leisure that poses a number of challenges within the resource base i. e. atmosphere, society, and economy. Low impact types of tourism create a balance between atmosphere quality and resource utilization. This really is mainly aimed at empowering local organizations in managing their natural resources that is creating an incentive to conserve the particular biological resource in the environment by allowing the beneficial effects through tourism filter down to the individual families and households.

Alternative tourism can be considered forms of tourism that are consistent with natural social and community values plus which allows both the host and the guest to enjoy positive and worthwhile interaction and shared experience it is also identified variously as ecotourism, nature travel and leisure sustainable tourism environmentally friendly, environmentally sensitive, ecological compatible ecologically sound or even Green and eco-tour such as Strolling tours, Birds Safari, Camel safaris Guided nature walks, horse riding safaris, bicycle tours, home and farm stays, youth tourism.

Many locations marketed as responsible tourism will not consider the local community development, economical, interpersonal welfare and human rights. Indeed majority of them care less about the reference as long as it brings the “green bill “. There must be concern with employees and tourist education i. electronic. the expected visitors’ behaviour. Thus in this, nature based tourism will be formulated as sustainable development. The idea of set principles, Ties 1991 defined it as responsible travel to organic areas that conserve the environment plus sustains the well being of the residents.